Election Results and Climate Change

The opportunity to take actions that limit carbon emissions by means of taxes or regulations took a hit yesterday. Voters in the coal state of West Virginia made the reasonable decision to support the industry that supports them. Elsewhere, the subject of Climate Change barely hit the radar, despite a $57 million dollar ad campaign by billionaire Tom Steyer. Part of the problem is that Climate Change is a young person's issue and mid term voters skew older. I mean, the guys who lawn bowl with my dad, mean age 85, aren't gonna see the sea rise much in their lifetimes.

So, for those of us who care about this issue, what is there to be done? Should we go out and lecture and hector more people that they really, really, really, REALLY need to care? That doesn't seem to work.

James Inhofe will now become the chairman of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. He wrote a book that says Climate Change is a conspiracy and a hoax. He gets a ton of money from the energy industry and most certainly will not support limitations or taxes on emissions. What to do?

Let's face it. Our Democracy is a Democracy of dollars. The thing to be done is to find and promote ways that energy companies can profit from providing solutions to global warming. For example, oil companies regularly pump C02 into the ground to push out more oil. That's a form of carbon sequestration and is a good thing. We need more of that. If Chevron can make money by pumping CO2 into the ground, James Inhofe and his cronies will be for it. So maybe what we need is a national push for carbon sequestration in the form of rejiggering tax incentives that favor taking oil out of the ground to favoring putting CO2 back into it - that - along with R&D of carbon sequestration technologies.

Carbon sequestration by oil companies. That's my answer to yesterday's election. And if you think that's a good investment opportunity, take a look at Kinder Morgan (KMP). They pump a lotta CO2 and pay a nice dividend. I'm a shareholder and recently bought more.

-Mike Marks

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Comment from Tim Kelley, Meteorologist 12-4-2014
Hi Mike

Just read your blog on Climate Change.

One line in particular has my attention.
"James Inhofe will now become the chairman of the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works. He wrote a book that says Climate Change is a conspiracy and a hoax."

Climate Change is not a conspiracy or a hoax. It's good intentions out of control. Who would not like to 'save' the earth?

In my opinion, the earth is better off today than when we were kids. For a quick example, look at the water in Boston Harbor, or the air in Denver and Los Angeles. Those water and air masses were toxic fluids, and are now relatively clean. Thanks to the industrial revolution, the USA and much of the developed world now has a far greater life span and quality of life than our forefathers.

We also have much calmer climate. Please look back at the expanse of drought and killer heat of the 1930s. And check out intensity of storms from the Portland Gale that broke Scituate Massachusetts in half in 1898 (not to mention lives lost and ships sank), through the Great Atlantic Hurricanes of 1938, 1944, 1954, 1955, and 1960. We could not imagine the hardships caused by the extremes all those years ago. We had 4 major hurricanes in New England from 38-60, and no major hurricane in more than 50 years.

I started studying climate change as a Wixon Middle school student in 1975. As I was then, I am still in awe that Cape Cod is only 15,000 years old. In the blink of a geological eye, the one mile thick Glacier that built Cape Cod retreated 1000s of miles, and our sea level rose 400 feet. What caused this? No one knows for sure.

The science of climate change in nascent. Attempts to simplify it to 'Fossil fuel emissions are causing catastrophic climate change' is totally out of sync with empirical observation. There is no correlation what so ever to anthropogenic CO2 emission and global temperature change. Far from being a pollutant, CO2 is key to life on earth. There IS however, empirical evidence showing crop yield increase with CO2 increase.

Polar Ice caps are not melting, sea level rise is 1-2 millimeters a year and not changing. Polar Bear and Penguin populations are thriving. We have so much misinformation out there, it's impossible to keep it straight. But that is what I try to do, always fact checking data.

As Dr. Richard Lindzen, emeritus Professor MIT Meteorology told me, 'The most interesting thing about climate change, is how little it is changing right now'. I have spent thousands of hours on the subject of Climate. My personal journals have thousands of pages of observations, I am obsessed with weather and climate (and surfing and skiing too).

Earths' heat comes from the sun and is stored in the oceans. Solar and sea cycles ranging from days, to months, to years, decades, centuries, and millennia- all overlap and interact (not to mention Volcanoes & Orbital Shifts) in ways we have yet to fully understand. There is no computer model in existence that is able to come close to predicting future impact from these awesome natural forces.

In my, and many of my colleagues opinion- Anthropogenic CO2 emissions are practically invisible when it comes to the real drivers of climate change.

One thing we all agree on is the need for clean air, food, and water. In no way does CO2 interfere that common goal, in fact the more CO2, the better.

Best Regards, Tim Kelley Meteorologist

Lyndon State College Vermont Class of 1987.
Cape Cod Community College 1984.
Cape Cod Tech 1981
Wixon Middle 1977 (My dad fished for Nathanial Wixon 1942-1946)
Ezra H. Baker 1974
Born Cape Cod Hospital 1963

most recent research correlating sunshine to earth temperature

Slocum Around the World - Chapter XIX

by Joshua Slocum


In the isle of Napoleon's exile—Two lectures—A guest in the ghost-room at Plantation House—An excursion to historic Longwood—Coffee in the husk, and a goat to shell it—The Spray's ill luck with animals—A prejudice against small dogs—A rat, the Boston spider, and the cannibal cricket—Ascension Island.

It was about noon when the Spray came to anchor off Jamestown, and "all hands" at once went ashore to pay respects to his Excellency the governor of the island, Sir R. A. Sterndale. His Excellency, when I landed, remarked that it was not often, nowadays, that a circumnavigator came his way, and he cordially welcomed me, and arranged that I should tell about the voyage, first at Garden Hall to the people of Jamestown, and then at Plantation House—the governor's residence, which is in the hills a mile or two back—to his Excellency and the officers of the garrison and their friends. Mr. Poole, our worthy consul, introduced me at the castle, and in the course of his remarks asserted that the sea-serpent was a Yankee.

Most royally was the crew of the Spray entertained by the governor. I remained at Plantation House a couple of days, and one of the rooms in the mansion, called the "west room," being haunted, the butler, by command of his Excellency, put me up in that—like a prince. Indeed, to make sure that no mistake had been made, his Excellency came later to see that I was in the right room, and to tell me all about the ghosts he had seen or heard of. He had discovered all but one, and wishing me pleasant dreams, he hoped I might have the honor of a visit from the unknown one of the west room. For the rest of the chilly night I kept the candle burning, and often looked from under the blankets, thinking that maybe I should meet the great Napoleon face to face; but I saw only furniture, and the horseshoe that was nailed over the door opposite my bed.

St. Helena has been an island of tragedies—tragedies that have been lost sight of in wailing over the Corsican. On the second day of my visit the governor took me by carriage-road through the turns over the island. At one point of our journey the road, in winding around spurs and ravines, formed a perfect W within the distance of a few rods. The roads, though tortuous and steep, were fairly good, and I was struck with the amount of labor it must have cost to build them. The air on the heights was cool and bracing. It is said that, since hanging for trivial offenses went out of fashion, no one has died there, except from falling over the cliffs in old age, or from being crushed by stones rolling on them from the steep mountains! Witches at one time were persistent at St. Helena, as with us in America in the days of Cotton Mather. At the present day crime is rare in the island. While I was there, Governor Sterndale, in token of the fact that not one criminal case had come to court within the year, was presented with a pair of white gloves by the officers of justice.

Returning from the governor's house to Jamestown, I drove with Mr. Clark, a countryman of mine, to "Longwood," the home of Napoleon. M. Morilleau, French consular agent in charge, keeps the place respectable and the buildings in good repair. His family at Longwood, consisting of wife and grown daughters, are natives of courtly and refined manners, and spend here days, months, and years of contentment, though they have never seen the world beyond the horizon of St. Helena.

On the 20th of April the Spray was again ready for sea. Before going on board I took luncheon with the governor and his family at the castle. Lady Sterndale had sent a large fruit-cake, early in the morning, from Plantation House, to be taken along on the voyage. It was a great high-decker, and I ate sparingly of it, as I thought, but it did not keep as I had hoped it would. I ate the last of it along with my first cup of coffee at Antigua, West Indies, which, after all, was quite a record. The one my own sister made me at the little island in the Bay of Fundy, at the first of the voyage, kept about the same length of time, namely, forty-two days.

After luncheon a royal mail was made up for Ascension, the island next on my way. Then Mr. Poole and his daughter paid the Spray a farewell visit, bringing me a basket of fruit. It was late in the evening before the anchor was up, and I bore off for the west, loath to leave my new friends. But fresh winds filled the sloop's sails once more, and I watched the beacon-light at Plantation House, the governor's parting signal for the Spray, till the island faded in the darkness astern and became one with the night, and by midnight the light itself had disappeared below the horizon.

When morning came there was no land in sight, but the day went on the same as days before, save for one small incident. Governor Sterndale had given me a bag of coffee in the husk, and Clark, the American, in an evil moment, had put a goat on board, "to butt the sack and hustle the coffee-beans out of the pods." He urged that the animal, besides being useful, would be as companionable as a dog. I soon found that my sailing-companion, this sort of dog with horns, had to be tied up entirely. The mistake I made was that I did not chain him to the mast instead of tying him with grass ropes less securely, and this I learned to my cost. Except for the first day, before the beast got his sea-legs on, I had no peace of mind. After that, actuated by a spirit born, maybe, of his pasturage, this incarnation of evil threatened to devour everything from flying-jib to stern-davits. He was the worst pirate I met on the whole voyage. He began depredations by eating my chart of the West Indies, in the cabin, one day, while I was about my work for'ard, thinking that the critter was securely tied on deck by the pumps. Alas! there was not a rope in the sloop proof against that goat's awful teeth!

It was clear from the very first that I was having no luck with animals on board. There was the tree-crab from the Keeling Islands. No sooner had it got a claw through its prison-box than my sea-jacket, hanging within reach, was torn to ribbons. Encouraged by this success, it smashed the box open and escaped into my cabin, tearing up things generally, and finally threatening my life in the dark. I had hoped to bring the creature home alive, but this did not prove feasible. Next the goat devoured my straw hat, and so when I arrived in port I had nothing to wear ashore on my head. This last unkind stroke decided his fate. On the 27th of April the Spray arrived at Ascension, which is garrisoned by a man-of-war crew, and the boatswain of the island came on board. As he stepped out of his boat the mutinous goat climbed into it, and defied boatswain and crew. I hired them to land the wretch at once, which they were only too willing to do, and there he fell into the hands of a most excellent Scotchman, with the chances that he would never get away. I was destined to sail once more into the depths of solitude, but these experiences had no bad effect upon me; on the contrary, a spirit of charity and even benevolence grew stronger in my nature through the meditations of these supreme hours on the sea.

In the loneliness of the dreary country about Cape Horn I found myself in no mood to make one life less in the world, except in self-defense, and as I sailed this trait of the hermit character grew till the mention of killing food-animals was revolting to me. However well I may have enjoyed a chicken stew afterward at Samoa, a new self rebelled at the thought suggested there of carrying chickens to be slain for my table on the voyage, and Mrs. Stevenson, hearing my protest, agreed with me that to kill the companions of my voyage and eat them would be indeed next to murder and cannibalism.

As to pet animals, there was no room for a noble large dog on the Spray on so long a voyage, and a small cur was for many years associated in my mind with hydrophobia. I witnessed once the death of a sterling young German from that dreadful disease, and about the same time heard of the death, also by hydrophobia, of the young gentleman who had just written a line of insurance in his company's books for me. I have seen the whole crew of a ship scamper up the rigging to avoid a dog racing about the decks in a fit. It would never do, I thought, for the crew of the Spray to take a canine risk, and with these just prejudices indelibly stamped on my mind, I have, I am afraid, answered impatiently too often the query, "Didn't you have a dog!" with, "I and the dog wouldn't have been very long in the same boat, in any sense." A cat would have been a harmless animal, I dare say, but there was nothing for puss to do on board, and she is an unsociable animal at best. True, a rat got into my vessel at the Keeling Cocos Islands, and another at Rodriguez, along with a centiped stowed away in the hold; but one of them I drove out of the ship, and the other I caught. This is how it was: for the first one with infinite pains I made a trap, looking to its capture and destruction; but the wily rodent, not to be deluded, took the hint and got ashore the day the thing was completed.

It is, according to tradition, a most reassuring sign to find rats coming to a ship, and I had a mind to abide the knowing one of Rodriguez; but a breach of discipline decided the matter against him. While I slept one night, my ship sailing on, he undertook to walk over me, beginning at the crown of my head, concerning which I am always sensitive. I sleep lightly. Before his impertinence had got him even to my nose I cried "Rat!" had him by the tail, and threw him out of the companionway into the sea.

As for the centiped, I was not aware of its presence till the wretched insect, all feet and venom, beginning, like the rat, at my head, wakened me by a sharp bite on the scalp. This also was more than I could tolerate. After a few applications of kerosene the poisonous bite, painful at first, gave me no further inconvenience.

From this on for a time no living thing disturbed my solitude; no insect even was present in my vessel, except the spider and his wife, from Boston, now with a family of young spiders. Nothing, I say, till sailing down the last stretch of the Indian Ocean, where mosquitos came by hundreds from rain-water poured out of the heavens. Simply a barrel of rain-water stood on deck five days, I think, in the sun, then music began. I knew the sound at once; it was the same as heard from Alaska to New Orleans.

Again at Cape Town, while dining out one day, I was taken with the song of a cricket, and Mr. Branscombe, my host, volunteered to capture a pair of them for me. They were sent on board next day in a box labeled, "Pluto and Scamp." Stowing them away in the binnacle in their own snug box, I left them there without food till I got to sea—a few days. I had never heard of a cricket eating anything. It seems that Pluto was a cannibal, for only the wings of poor Scamp were visible when I opened the lid, and they lay broken on the floor of the prison-box. Even with Pluto it had gone hard, for he lay on his back stark and stiff, never to chirrup again.

Ascension Island, where the goat was marooned, is called the Stone Frigate, R. N, and is rated "tender" to the South African Squadron. It lies in 7 degrees 35' south latitude and 14 degrees 25' west longitude, being in the very heart of the southeast trade-winds and about eight hundred and forty miles from the coast of Liberia. It is a mass of volcanic matter, thrown up from the bed of the ocean to the height of two thousand eight hundred and eighteen feet at the highest point above sea-level. It is a strategic point, and belonged to Great Britain before it got cold. In the limited but rich soil at the top of the island, among the clouds, vegetation has taken root, and a little scientific farming is carried on under the supervision of a gentleman from Canada. Also a few cattle and sheep are pastured there for the garrison mess. Water storage is made on a large scale. In a word, this heap of cinders and lava rock is stored and fortified, and would stand a siege.

Very soon after the Spray arrived I received a note from Captain Blaxland, the commander of the island, conveying his thanks for the royal mail brought from St. Helena, and inviting me to luncheon with him and his wife and sister at headquarters, not far away. It is hardly necessary to say that I availed myself of the captain's hospitality at once. A carriage was waiting at the jetty when I landed, and a sailor, with a broad grin, led the horse carefully up the hill to the captain's house, as if I were a lord of the admiralty, and a governor besides; and he led it as carefully down again when I returned. On the following day I visited the summit among the clouds, the same team being provided, and the same old sailor leading the horse. There was probably not a man on the island at that moment better able to walk than I. The sailor knew that. I finally suggested that we change places. "Let me take the bridle," I said, "and keep the horse from bolting." "Great Stone Frigate!" he exclaimed, as he burst into a laugh, "this 'ere 'oss wouldn't bolt no faster nor a turtle. If I didn't tow 'im 'ard we'd never get into port." I walked most of the way over the steep grades, whereupon my guide, every inch a sailor, became my friend. Arriving at the summit of the island, I met Mr. Schank, the farmer from Canada, and his sister, living very cozily in a house among the rocks, as snug as conies, and as safe. He showed me over the farm, taking me through a tunnel which led from one field to the other, divided by an inaccessible spur of mountain. Mr. Schank said that he had lost many cows and bullocks, as well as sheep, from breakneck over the steep cliffs and precipices. One cow, he said, would sometimes hook another right over a precipice to destruction, and go on feeding unconcernedly. It seemed that the animals on the island farm, like mankind in the wide world, found it all too small.

On the 26th of April, while I was ashore, rollers came in which rendered launching a boat impossible. However, the sloop being securely moored to a buoy in deep water outside of all breakers, she was safe, while I, in the best of quarters, listened to well-told stories among the officers of the Stone Frigate. On the evening of the 29th, the sea having gone down, I went on board and made preparations to start again on my voyage early next day, the boatswain of the island and his crew giving me a hearty handshake as I embarked at the jetty.

For reasons of scientific interest, I invited in mid-ocean the most thorough investigation concerning the crew-list of the Spray. Very few had challenged it, and perhaps few ever will do so henceforth; but for the benefit of the few that may, I wished to clench beyond doubt the fact that it was not at all necessary in the expedition of a sloop around the world to have more than one man for the crew, all told, and that the Spray sailed with only one person on board. And so, by appointment, Lieutenant Eagles, the executive officer, in the morning, just as I was ready to sail, fumigated the sloop, rendering it impossible for a person to live concealed below, and proving that only one person was on board when she arrived. A certificate to this effect, besides the official documents from the many consulates, health offices, and customhouses, will seem to many superfluous; but this story of the voyage may find its way into hands unfamiliar with the business of these offices and of their ways of seeing that a vessel's papers, and, above all, her bills of health, are in order.

The lieutenant's certificate being made out, the Spray, nothing loath, now filled away clear of the sea-beaten rocks, and the trade-winds, comfortably cool and bracing, sent her flying along on her course. On May 8, 1898, she crossed the track, homeward bound, that she had made October 2, 1895, on the voyage out. She passed Fernando de Noronha at night, going some miles south of it, and so I did not see the island. I felt a contentment in knowing that the Spray had encircled the globe, and even as an adventure alone I was in no way discouraged as to its utility, and said to myself, "Let what will happen, the voyage is now on record." A period was made.

Chapter 20

Orleans Surf Film Festival Oct 24-25

Feel the waves at the Old Jailhouse Tavern where Cape Cod surfers and friends will come together to enjoy music and drinks and watch independent and feature films in a temporary surf museum. There will be a screening of "Endless Abilities" by Windy Films, an amazing and important film.  This event is being run in conjunction with the Orleans Chamber of Commerce and one of its main goals is to bring the community together. The Chamber has awarded $151,000 to local youth and continues to support our young people.

Old Jailhouse Tavern
28 West Rd
Orleans, Massachusetts 02653

Learn more on Facebook.

Climate Change and Capitalism

The People's Climate March in NYC demonstrated that people of widely differing political views all agree on one point - Climate Change is real and undeniable. At the same time, the March evidenced deep divisions when it comes to taking action. Exhibit A is a recent Q&A with Naomi Klein in Slate. Slate's summary of the Q&A is this: "Naomi Klein says we must slay Capitalism to fight Climate Change." I don't care who Naomi Klein is but I do care that Slate is advancing her views and that many people on the left seem to be embracing them.

If there's one thing that economic history has demonstrated, it's that controlled Capitalism has done more to lift humanity out of poverty than any other nation-scale economic system tested since the dawn of civilization. I write this as the loving son of a man born with "Lenin" as his middle name. My Grandpa was a card carrying Communist and I'm proud of it - my family name isn't "Marks" for nothing. But Communism didn't work. The case is closed. More is preferred to less and people who can pursue their self interests end up building companies that make all of us richer.

Note the term "controlled Capitalism" above. Unfettered Capitalism is an ugly, destructive, beast. But when Capitalism is constrained by public policy, when safety nets and laws are in place that insure fair competition, protect workers and shareholders, promote a cleaner environment and more, then, Capitalism can wonderfully harness people's pursuit of self interest to create a world that benefits everyone.

Economists' favored solution for Climate Change is a carbon tax. A carbon tax would influence people's buying decisions on everything from cars to roofing materials and spur investment in products and infrastructure that would in turn reduce emissions of heat trapping gasses. It is a Capitalist solution of the best kind. There's no chance for such a tax to be passed in the current political climate. But that's not the point. The point is that we don't need to slay Capitalism. We need to change public policy.

So, my message to Naomi Klein and those who follow her is simple. Let's agree to work for public policies that can make things better rather than rehash a debate that was settled 25 years ago with the dismantling of the Berlin Wall.

- Mike Marks

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Did NYC Climate March Change Anything?

The estimate is that 300,000+ people assembled on Central Park West for the People's Climate March last Sunday. At least 50+ people were there from Cape Cod and I was one of them. From the perspective of 81st street, where my small group joined "The Debate Is Over" crowd, the March itself began more like an assembly. We stood in one spot for an hour and a half. At 1pm there was a planned moment of silence followed by a loud outcry. We still hadn't moved and our stomachs were grumbling. So we retreated for brunch at Sarabeth's Kitchen on Amsterdam, where I'd last eaten some 30 years ago and can happily report that it hasn't changed a bit - the food is still excellent and décor pleasant. At 2:30 we left Sarabeth's to find that the March had started marching - down Central Park West, then across CP South, then down 6th Avenue. It's fun to walk down the middle of 6th Avenue.

All in all it was a pleasant way to spend the day, a day that began at 3am and ended at 10pm with 400 miles of driving round trip to New Haven then round trip trains to Grand Central. 20 gallons of gas were consumed along the way. Hypocrisy.

For what?

To be a number in the crowd. That was it. Nothing more. Nothing will change because of the March. But maybe there will be more marches and more people will join and at some point the chorus will grow loud enough that politicians will be able to hear it over the earplugs vested interests have inserted into their ears and maybe more will be done to mitigate the currently unchecked increase in global emissions.

If there's another March I'll be there.